As on of Canada's and the world's most respected public works officials for more than 50 years, Albert Berry gave outstanding service and leadership in the fields of water supply, sanitation, pollution control, water resources, and conservation. Within these fields, Berry was known as the "Mr. Water." His work began as a time when Ontario lacked a formal organization responsible for water supply and sanitation. Interview Number 8, September 1988, interviewed by Norman Ball.
As engineer, editor, administrator, and educator, Edward Cleary was a major force in the field of public works for nearly a half century. He covered the important developments and people responsible for them while an editor of Engineering News-Record (1935-1949). He conducted a massive and successful effort to control industrial pollution in the Ohio River Valley during his term as chief administrator of ORSANCO (1949-1967), the largest water pollution control program ever attempted in its time. Interview Number 4, December 1983, interviewed by Michael C. Robinson.
From the design and construction of Anderson Ranch, Trenton, and 30 other dams, to the preliminary work on the Aswan, and key roles on the St. Lawrence Seaway and the Interstate Highway Program, Ellis Armstrong participated in many of the great public works enterprises in recent history. Among the many positions he has held over the course of his long career are: director of highways for Utah, commissioner of the Bureau of Public Roads, commissioner of the Bureau of Reclamation, and president of the Better Highways Information Foundation. Interview Number 7, April 1987, interviewed by Michael Robinson.
Jean Vincenz was commissioner of public works, city engineer, and manager of utilities in fast growing Fresno, California for nearly 10 years before World War II. The Depression was an especially challenging time for public works officials, and Vincenz made a lasting contribution to modern Fresno during these years. The 1930's were especially formative in the creation of the city's public facilities and the beginning of service systems that continue to serve Fresno well. Vincenz was an important figure in the development of Fresno's public water supply, sewage, transportation, solid waste facilities, and public buildings. Vincenz also served as director of the San Diego County Public Works Department and as president of APWA in 1960. Interview Number 1, September 1980, interviewed by Robert D. Bugher and Suellen M. Hoy.
Jennings Randolph had a congressional career that spanned fifty-two years (1933-1985). For eighteen years as the chairman and then ranking Democratic member of the Senate Public Works Committee, and its successor, the Environment and Public Works Committee, the senior senator from West Virginia presided over a broad program of construction for highways, bridges, dams, and public buildings. Interview Number 6, January 1985, interviewed by Robert D. Bugher, Charles Byrley, and Howard Rosen.
Roy Morse has been a force in industry, government, and public works in the later half of the twentieth century. Before and during World War II, he was Administrative Engineer for Boeing Company at a time when the engineering department grew from 300 to over 3,000. After the war, served the City Seattle as Superintendent of Water (1949-1955), and later as City Engineer and Chairman of the Board of Public Works (1957-1971). Morse played an important role in the expansion of public works services in post-World War II and the World's Fair era. From 1955-1957, Morse was the Director of Technical Staff of the Secretary of the Interior, where he helped prepare the National Water Resources Policy Act of 1955. Interview Number 10, February 1994, interviewed by Howard Rosen and Jan Klippert.
Samuel Baxter was truly a public works 'man for all seasons' that, in the conduct of his professional and personal life, served as a paradigm for other engineer-administrators. Over the course of a 49-year career, Baxter worked his way up the ranks in Philadelphia public works from a surveyor to chief engineer of the Department of Public Works and commissioner and chief engineer of the Philadelphia Water Department. He was on of the last of a breed in the engineering field that rose to high position without having earned a college degree. Baxter was always active in numerous professional organizations and served as president of three --APWA (1947), American Water Works Association (1966), and American Society of Civil Engineers (1971). Interview Number 3, May 1982, interviewed by Robert D. Bugher and Michael C. Robinson.
Consulting engineers play a critical role in the provision of public works in the United States and Canada. Samuel Greeley was a founder of the firm Greeley and Hansen and an internationally acclaimed public works engineer who spent over a half a century developing water, sewer, and refuge systems for cities such as New York, Chicago, Boston, Las Angeles, Buffalo, and Washington DC. Greeley was also the author of the first comprehensive text on the collection and disposal of municipal refuge. Greeley served as president of the American Society of Municipal Engineers (a predecessor of APWA) and was an honorary member of APWA, as well as the American Society of Civil Engineers. Interview Number 2, June 1981, interviewed by Neal Fitz Simons.
As a major figure in Canadian public works, William Hurst has played a role in virtually every aspect of public works engineering and administration in Winnipeg. As engineer of waterworks, he helped design and construct pumping stations and a sewage treatment plant. From 1944 to 1971, he was Winnipeg's city engineer and commissioner of buildings. It was during this period that Hurst was faced with one of the greatest challenges in his career: the Red River floods of 1950. Hurst also served as president of both APWA (1958) and American Water Works Association (1963). Interview Number 5, May 1984, interviewed by Howard Rosen.
Essay Number 3, Edward C. Carter II with Darwin H. Stapleton and Lee W. Formwalt, December 1976
Essay Number 1, James C. O'Connell, June 1976
1887-1970, Essay Number 8, Todd A. Shallat, September 1979
Essay Number 2, Abel Wolman, September 1976
Essay Number 14, Ann D. Keating, Eugene P. Moehring, and Joel A. Tarr, December 1985
Essay Number 11, Jeffery K. Stine, April 1981
Essay Number 9, Marilyn E. Weigold, February 1980
Essay Number 15, Christine M. Rosen, Marc A. Weiss, and Jon J. Lines, September 1987
Essay Number 4, Martin V. Melosi, April 1977
The basic question of public or private control of essential industries is explored in this essay. Ness examines the development of the Niagara Power Project as an example of the interplay between economics and politics. Among the topics that he explores is the conflict between federal and state development of New York's rivers, the establishment of the New York Power Authority in 1931, and the construction of the Niagara Power Project. Essay Number 7, David L. Nass, February 1979.
There are few issues as contentious as privatization in public works. This historical perspective provides an understanding of how public-private partnerships have worked in the past, when certain solutions were attractive, and what problems remained unsolved. David Beito shows that privatization is a historical solution to public works problems in St. Louis where private street associations provided a wide range of services and facilities to their members between 1869 and 1920. Charles Jacobson explores why contracting for water needed for fire protection proved disastrous, while contracting for electric street lighting was quite successful, in municipalities across the country. Ann Keating identifies the historical materials already available, as well as areas in which more research would aid current discussions on the construction, ownership, and operation of public works facilities. Essay Number 16, David Beito with Bruce Smith, Charles D. Jacobson, and Ann D. Keating, December 1989.
Essay Number 13, Eugene P. Moehring, August 1982
Essay Number 17, Emory Kemp, December 1990
This essay is of interest to students of engineering history, as well as engineers and public works administrators. Lankton discusses not only the construction of the important structure, but the qualities that made Jervis an historic public works figure. Essay Number 5, Larry D. Lankton, Septebmer 1977.
Essay Number 10, Louis P. Cain, July 1980
Essay Number 6, Joel A. Tarr, April 1978
Essay Number 12, Carol Hoffecker, July 1981